Three common medical malpractice misdiagnosis cases that result in serious injury are:

1.  Missed diagnosis of heart attack

A common fact pattern would be as follows: patient walks into ER with all risk factors: mid 50s, smoker, high blood pressure, has diabetes, and has chest pain, an EKG is performed and the doctor reads the findings and sends him home, patient comes back few hours later and dies in the ER, conclusion, doctor failed to read heart attack on first EKG.

2.  Missed diagnosis of stroke;

3.  Missed diagnosis of cancer.